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Commercial Products Provide Needed Calories for Nursing Home Residents with Swallowing Difficulties

April 07, 2021

Concentrated nutrient-dense food products blended by hand or using an automatic food mixer can help ensure nursing home residents with dysphagia and chewing difficulties consume more calories, according to a study published online ahead of print in the journal Nutrición Hospitalaria.

“Moreover, they allow quick and safe food preparation, reducing both kitchen workload and production costs,” wrote a research team from Spain. 

The observational, prospective study included 62 older adults at three nursing homes. Researchers compared costs and nutritional properties of texture-modified diets prepared three ways: in-home produced pureed food, concentrated nutrient-dense commercial food products blended by hand, and concentrated nutrient-dense commercial food products prepared using a MixxPro automatic food mixer. 

According to the study, residents who were provided in-home produced pureed food ate 95.5% of what was served and consumed an average 88.2 calories per portion. Those provided nutrient-dense commercial food products blended by hand consumed 89.2% and averaged 288.5 calories per portion. Residents provided commercial food products prepared with the automatic food mixer consumed 80.3% of what they were served, averaging 287.5 calories per portion. 

The average time to prepare each portion was 11.2 minutes for the in-home pureed food, 1.7 minutes for the hand-blended commercial food products, and 1.6 minutes for the commercial food prepared with the automatic food mixer, researchers reported. No microorganisms were detected in any of the food. 

Considering the resources needed to prepare the diets, the cost per portion and the cost per 100 grams served were lower for the commercial diets than for the homemade ones,” researchers wrote. 

Jolynn Tumolo


Ballesteros-Pomar MD, Pérez-Martín J, Mendiola MJ, et al. Cost, microbiological, and nutritional properties of pureed food production in nursing homes. The ABADIA Study [published online ahead of print, 2021 Mar 29]. Nutr Hosp. 2021;10.20960/nh.03465. doi:10.20960/nh.03465

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