April 06, 2021
Both the personal characteristics of caregivers as well as organizational characteristics of the facilities they work are related to caring behaviors in nurses and nurse aides working in long-term care, according to a study published online ahead of print in the Scandinavian Journal of Caring Sciences.
“By clarifying factors in the caring behaviors of caregivers, this study provides information that long-term care facilities can use to develop strategies for managing their caregivers and that policymakers can use to establish and implement health care policies for older populations,” wrote researchers.
The study included 224 nurses and nurse aides employed at 21 nursing homes and 35 assisted living facilities. Researchers studied factors that predicted caring behaviors in caregiving staff.
On an individual level, caring behaviors were positively linked with caregivers’ job satisfaction and perceived resident satisfaction, according to the study. On an organizational level, caring behaviors were positively associated with a facility’s accreditation level and nurse-aide staffing level.
“Additionally, the caring behavior had positive associations with their attitude towards older adults and with their self-transcendence,” researchers reported. “These two factors explained 42.2% of the variance in the caring behaviors of caregivers.”
Hwang HL, Tu CT, Kuo TY. Correlates of perceived caring behaviour of formal caregivers in long-term care facilities: A cross-sectional survey [published online ahead of print, 2021 Mar 28]. Scand J Caring Sci. 2021;10.1111/scs.12981. doi:10.1111/scs.12981